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We cannot determine yet whether this sentence was initially derived from translation or not.

父はいつも天は自らを助くる物を助くと言っていました。

added by an unknown member, date unknown

父はいつも「天は自ら助くる者を助く」と言っていました。

edited by tommy_san, September 27, 2013

Sentence #84749

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Comments

tommy_san tommy_san September 27, 2013 September 27, 2013 at 4:02:57 PM UTC link Permalink

者(もの)

tommy_san tommy_san September 27, 2013 September 27, 2013 at 4:04:16 PM UTC link Permalink

「天は自ら助くるものを助く」は、日本初の英書の完訳である中村正直『西国立志編』(1871年、原書は Samuel Smiles, Self-Help)第1編の冒頭にある言葉です。
「助くる」「助く」はそれぞれ文語の連体形・終止形で、口語ではともに「助ける」になります。
現代では「もの」は漢字で表記する方が適当だと考え、例文では「者」にしました。


原文の表記は以下の通りです。(でもあまり忠実に再現できませんので http://dl.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/1080981/28 をご覧ください。)

天ハ自ラ助クルモノヲ助クト云ヘル諺ハ、確然経験シタル格言ナリ、僅ニ一句ノ中ニ、歴(アマネ)ク人事成敗ノ実験ヲ包蔵セリ、
("Heaven helps those who help themselves" is a well-tried maxim, embodying in a small compass the results of vast human experience.)

本文の左に、確然(シカト)、経験(タメシコヽロミ)、実験(タメシ)、包蔵(コメテアル)とカタカナで書いてあるのは、振り仮名ではなくて、漢語の意味を分かりやすい和語で説明したものです。
なお、この頃はまだ「、」と「。」の区別がありませんでした。句点によって区切られた「文」という概念は、もう少し後に輸入され定着するものです。